Just like the skin on your face, the skin of your scalp has a type. And in order to care for it properly you need to use the products designed for its specific needs. When choosing the best shampoo for you, consider your skin and hair types as well as any special requirements. You also need to understand which ingredients to watch out for and which, on the contrary, can benefit you.
How to Choose the Best Shampoo Based on Skin Type
When it comes to scalp, the four skin types to consider are:
- Dry (split ends, uncomfortably dry scalp that might be scaling, excessive hair loss)
- Oily (quickly grows greasy at the roots, may have dandruff)
- Sensitive (redness, itchiness, frequent irritation)
Bear in mind that any type of skin can be sensitive. However, if you do have increased sensitivity on top of the oily/dry issue, standard products for these hair types may not fit your needs. You should also note that shampoos are often referred to ‘hair type’, but this usually means ‘scalp skin type’.
To determine your scalp skin type tap a dry paper tissue to your scalp about a day after you wash your hair. If it comes up with no marks, you have dry skin. If there’s a smallish oil blot, you have normal hair. If the napkin is rather oily, and your hair is the same way at the roots, you have oily hair.
Hair Type and Other Considerations for Choosing the Best Shampoo
The type of your hair (straight, curly, wavy, thick, thin, damaged, or colored) also matters for making your final decision on shampoo. In most cases, people have several hair-scalp-types combined. For example, you might have dry, sensitive, straight, and colored hair at the same time.
Therefore, the best way to choose is to prioritize your problems and pick a product designed to fight them most effectively. Note that you might need to look up some very specific products for that. For example, if your hair is bleached blonde and colored to a platinum hue, you should consider using a something to help retain the color.
Fanola No Yellow Shampoo has a pigment that prevents your locks from yellowing.
In the meantime, as a product designed for bleached tresses, it has a moisturizing and nourishing effect. All quality shampoos made for colored and sensitive hair (coloring often results in increased sensitivity) shouldn’t contain any irritating chemicals.
Shampoos for curly hair have more of a moisturizing effect as this type of locks loses moisture much faster. This is what causes the much-hated frizz.
Straightening shampoos often contain keratin and a variety of proteins that enhance their effect.
Common Shampoo Ingredients: Which to Choose?
- Sulfates. Lauryl and laureth sulfates are both detergents commonly used in shampoos. They are what makes the shampoo foam so pleasantly. There’s a lot of controversy around them and it’s true that they are a bit damaging to the scalp and hair. However, myths of their presumed danger and causing cancer have been busted. Sulfates are approved for use in cosmetics. However, you should avoid them if you have sensitive or very dry skin and/or damaged hair.
- Panthenol. Panthenol is a variation of the B5 vitamin and serves as a great natural moisturizer.
- Citric acid. Citric acid is often used to stabilize the chemical reactions of other shampoo ingredients. It’s a kind of element you need to up the pH.
- Parabens. Like sulfates, parabens aren’t very good for you. However, they are more dangerous as they are linked to the increase in estrogen levels, which elevates cancer risks.
It’s hard to tell what exactly the best shampoo for you should contain as it depends on many personal factors. However, you definitely should avoid products with parabens and, if necessary, sulfates. You also should choose the products that match the type of your hair and skin.