Pimples, also known as acne, can occur anywhere on the skin, but particularly the face when oil glands become overactive. Given that they are mostly triggered by genetics and sometimes androgen hormones, there is no one-size-fits-all approach that can be used to prevent them. There are, however, several changes that can be adopted to get clearer skin.
Keep your Skin Clean
It is highly advisable to clean your face twice daily with a mild facial cleanser and a soft cloth to get rid of impurities, excess oil, and dead skin cells. However, do not overdo it to avoid harming your skin. Use warm instead of hot water and avoid harsh soaps that could hurt inflamed skin. While cleaning your skin, do not scrub harshly. Rinse thoroughly and wipe off the water with a clean and soft towel.
If you have acne, your face may feel greasy, and a moisturizer would help in this case. For its hydrating effects, it can also be used during winter when your skin is likely to feel dry. A dry skin promotes the production of oil, which can then clog pores and lead to breakouts. With the right moisturizer, dryness and irritation can be avoided. If yours is an acne-prone skin, look for moisturizers that will not trigger a breakout. Be sure that the descriptions read non-comedogenic and oil-free.
Drinking sufficient water promotes skin hydration and prevents the development of acne breakouts. If you have dry skin, hydrating helps you get rid of dead skin cells, which could contribute to acne. Water also helps you to maintains soft skin, protecting it from flakes, paleness, and brittleness responsible for triggering breakouts. Hydrating will also mean not exposing your skin to harsh oils and cleansers. Keep your skin well hydrated by drinking at least eight glasses of water daily. If you are breastfeeding, pregnant, or live in a hot and humid climate, drink more.
Exfoliation helps in getting rid of dead skin cells. The skin naturally sheds dead cells through a process referred to as desquamation. This process, however, does not always work correctly in people with acne-prone skin. Exfoliation smoothens and softens the skin giving it a bright complexion. It also reduces the formation of breakouts by preventing the clogging of pores. However, the frequency of use depends strongly on the exfoliant you choose to use. For instance, physical exfoliants – like scrubs – can be used three to four times a week. Chemical exfoliants, such as lotions and masks, should only be used once or twice weekly.
Choose Makeup Wisely
You may be tempted to use makeup to conceal your acne. However, doing this only encourages the clogging of pores and a larger breakout. With acne, go natural. If you cannot do without makeup, choose the non-greasy type, avoid heavy foundation, and use non-comedogenic and fragrance-free products. Before application, wash your hands thoroughly with skincare products, remove your makeup before going to bed, and wash your makeup brushes weekly.
Seek Acne Treatment
When it comes to acne treatment, there are many products available. These include creams, spot treatments, and washes, making it overwhelming to tell which is best for your skin. Dermatologists agree that treatments work differently for each person. Work with your dermatologist to find a treatment that is right for you, especially if your acne is beyond mild and occasional. The treatment may be topical or oral.
- Topical: This is the most common form of acne treatment. It works by killing acne-causing bacteria and decreasing oil production. Some of the ingredients may include salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, or antibiotics.
- Oral: These are internal medications mostly recommended when the patient presents with swollen and red pimples. They may be prescribed in the form of birth control pills, antibiotics, and isotretinoin.
If you notice that over the counter medications are not working for you, consult a doctor to determine the best acne treatment for your case.
When it comes to maintaining clear skin, watch what goes to your face, including cleansers, makeup, and moisturizers. It is also advisable to observe quality sleep of not less than 7 hours, practice stress management, and healthy nutrition.